William McClintock
William McClintock
Sketch of William McClintock circa late 1770's; his sword, a curved Turkish blade of supreme quality, was used when combat would not allow the extreme length of his famous Scottish broadsword

Full Name

William McClintock


April 7, 1720, Crianlarich, Scotland, British Empire


September 13, 1795, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, American Republic

Grand Marshal of the Army of the American Republic







James McClintock, Betsy Drummond

William "Claymore" McClintock (April 7, 1720- September 13, 1795), also known as "Bloody Billie," was born to a minor Scottish noble and his mistress. As an adult, William became a celebrated American general in the Great Revolution and the Grand Marshal of the Army of the American Republic from 1776-1795. A veteran of the Jacobite Uprising of 1745 where he fought under Bonnie Prince Charles in an attempt to return absolutism to Great Britain, McClintock gained fame for his use of a Claymore sword with which he would decapitate his foes, though he did use different styles and was a master fencer along with being able to whallop people with the famed broadsword. Immigrating to the American Republic in 1776, he led a force of newly patriated Americans to victory in the Battle of Long Island. Quickly appointed Commander-in-Chief of the Army by the Second Continental Assembly, McClintock would lead American forces to victory over the British for the rest of the Great Revolution until its end in 1782. Kept on after the war by the Triumvirate government, McClintock remained in service until his death in 1795. Under the direction of the Triumvirate, the ex-Jacobite was responsible for bringing Virginia back into the American Republic in 1783, and North Carolina in 1790. Also a supporter of Thomas Paine's dictatorship and the Reign of Horror, he made sure that the Army was kept "pure" and handed out grave punishments to any political dissidents in the country. Some historians have proposed, however, that he was actually against the Reign of Horror and only kept his mouth shut to keep his head. Modern supporters of McClintock who accept this idea have become known as the "Just Following Orders Crowd." Many say he was an obstacle to the rise of Andrew Jackson, and that had he lived he would have opposed the 4th of November coup, possibly making himself dictator of a faux New Republic.